top of page

Dynein functions in galectin3 mediated processes of clathrin-independent endocytosis

Dynein provides pulling force in Galectin-3 mediated endocytosis

Multiple endocytic processes operate in cells in tandem to uptake multiple cargoes involved in diverse cellular functions, including cell adhesion and migration. The best-studied clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) involves the formation of a well-defined cytoplasmic clathrin coat to facilitate cargo uptake. According to GlycoLipid-Lectin (GL-Lect) hypothesis, galectin-3 (Gal3) binds to glycosylated membrane receptors and glycosphingolipids (GSLs) to drive membrane bending and tubular membrane invaginations that undergo scission to form a morphologically distinct class of uptake structures, termed clathrin-independent carriers (CLICs). Which components from cytoskeletal machinery are involved in the scission of CLICs remains to be explored. In this study, we propose that dynein is recruited onto Gal3-induced tubular endocytic pits and provides the pulling force for friction-driven scission. The uptake of Gal3 and its cargoes (CD98/CD147) is significantly dependent on dynein activity, whereas transferrin (CME marker) is only slightly affected upon dynein inhibition.  Our study reveals that Gal3 and Gal3-dependent (CD98 and CD147) clathrin-independent cargoes require dynein for clathrin-independent endocytosis. 

bottom of page